Files on your server

Multiple choice

You can have as many subdomains as you want on your Reclaim domain. What's so cool about that?


Each time I create a subdomain, I get entered in a lottery for a puppy!


I get free server disk space for each subdomain I create.


I can have more than one website on the same domain.


People with more subdomains are more attractive.

Not graded. So why do it?

Lesson contents

Let's get some files on your new exercises subdomain.

The File Manager

In cPanel, start the File Manager. It's like Explorer in Windows. Explorer shows you the files on your PC. File Manager shows you the files on your server.

The FM has different parts to it.

File manager parts

There are folders on the left. The files in the currently selected folder are on the right. Actions you can take on folders and files, like copy, and upload, are above the folder and file panes.

Subdomains are folders

In the folder's section, look for a folder for the exercise subdomain you created. Mine is called (on the account I'm using for this lesson). Click it.

Subdomain folder

Ignore the two folders inside cPanel made them when it created your subdomain. We won't be using them.

Any files you put inside the folder, appear on the website at So, to put a file on the web, just put it in a folder on your server.


Seriously? You just put a file there, and it's on the web?

That's right.


In this case, the subdomain and the folder have the same name, But the names don't have to be the same; it's just the way cPanel names them by default.

Each subdomain has an associated folder.

Same with your main domain. My main domain is It's folder it public_html.

Main domain

Any files I put in public_html will be on the web at

Why the name public_html? That's the name Reclaim made. Folders for main domains are often called public_html. It's an industry standard.

Add a file to your subdomain

Select the folder for your exercise subdomain, and click the "+ File" button to create a new file.

Create a new file

Type in a file name, with an html extension. Whatever name you like, but lowercase, and dashes for spaces.

Creating a file

Edit the file. Right-click on it, and choose Edit (not HTML edit).


(If you get a message about text encoding and UTF-8, you can ignore it. We'll always use UTF-8 in this course; in fact, that's all I ever use, on any project. More about what UTF-8 means later in the course.)

You're editing the file directly on the server. This isn't a good idea, generally. It's better to edit files on your own PC, and then upload them. But for now, it helps to edit on the server, so you can learn how things work.

Type whatever you like in the file. I typed:

  • <h1>Rosie</h1>
  • <p>Rosie is a good dog.</p>


Save the file. Not with Ctrl+S. Use the "Save Changes" button in the upper right.

Save changes

To the browser

OK, you've got a file in the folder on your server. Remember that files in the folder, should be on the web at

So, if you made the file rosie.html in the on your server, it should be available at Let's check it out.


If you didn't set up HTTPS, the file will be at (the s is missing from the protocol). However, you should always set up HTTPS, on every domain and subdomain.

Point your browser at Or whatever you called your file. Here's what I see:

File in browser

Oh, yeah. I set up the subdomain to require a username and password. You should have done that too.

Typing in the username and password, I see:


The bottom line: to put a file on the web, put it in a folder on your server.

Subfolders and URLs

You'll need an image file for this bit. You can use this one, if you like:


To save the image file on your PC, right-click the image, and select "Save image as...", or whatever your browser calls this action.

Save image as

Use another image, if you'd prefer. Just make sure its extension is jpg or png.

Make a subfolder in, called images. There's a "+ Folder" button in FM.

+ Folder

images created

Open images (double-click it), and inside that, make another folder called cute-dogs. Or cute-turtles, or whatever appeals. It's a sub folder of images, which is a subfolder of your subdomain's folder. So it's a subsubfolder. But that gets complicated, so we'll call it just a folder.

Open the folder (click on it).

Current folder

Upload your image file. File Manager has a button that will upload files to the current folder.



If you don't see the file or the folder, use the Reload menu item in FM:


So now, you should have an image file in the subsubfolder you made.

Image file in subsubfolder

Check the image in a browser

The path to the image on your server is Or however you named things.

Now, the server folder maps to the URL So your browser should be able to find the image file at

Type in your URL, and see if your browser can get the image from your site.


She's such a cutie!

Evan's video

Evan asked for a video on organizing files. Here it is.



Files in subfolders

Find an image of an animal you like. A llama, dog, octopus, whatevs. Put it in a folder on your exercises subdomain. A folder in a folder is OK, too, as many levels deep as you want.

Submit the URL of the image. Also submit the username and password needed to access the image.


  • Each subdommain maps to a folder on a server.
  • Put a file in that folder, and it's on the web.

Up next

Let's make it easier to upload many files at once.